In the Transportation Research Board’s (TRB) May-June 2012 edition of TR News, a report about walking and bicycling in the U.S. analyzes whether the design of modern cities and neighborhoods discourages such activities, and compares the situation in the U.S. and other countries. National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) estimates that fewer than 11% of daily trips in the U.S. are made by walking and 1% by bicycling. Moreover, the report discovers that there are limitations regarding the collection and analysis of such data in the U.S.
The report also observes aspects of demographics, travel frequencies, distance, time, travel purpose, data collection and the environment. Characteristics of the natural environment such as topography, location, climate, weather, and infrastructure such as land use or urban design could influence walking and bicycling patterns. Yet, the report finds that, by far, the physical environment influences decisions to walk or bicycle more than any other aspect. The authors also demand a more inclusive data collection method that collects walking and bicycling data through GPS tracking.
To read the full report, please click here.