The study, conducted by Jonathan Rose Companies and funded by the US EPA’s Smart Growth Program, highlighted the relationship between household energy consumption and residential development. The study analyzed energy consumption (British Thermal Units (BTU) of energy) based on housing type, whether the housing was located in transit-oriented developments, and the “greeness” of both the housing and vehicle used by the resident.
The study provides two conclusions:
- Multi-family dwellings and single family attached homes in high-density areas consume less energy, as they generally have less square footage and share walls, requiring less energy to heat and cool the dwellings.
- The location of the house and its transportation options significantly affect the energy consumption level. Living in an area with numerous transportation options lowers the level of energy consumption.
- EPA: Energy Efficiency Is About Location, Location, Location (dc.streetsblog.org)
- What Does It Take To Create 1 Million BTUs? (livinggreenandsavingenergy.com)